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theelf29
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Persian Period
« on: August 22, 2007, 12:09:20 AM »

I can find no evidence from David Rohl's writings to suggest that he differs from the Orthodox Chronology in terms of the Persian and Late Periods. As such, I will present the OC dates: -

27th Dynasty
Persian Emperors
Persian nameGreek/Latin nameYears
KambujiyaCambyses525-521
Gaumata (the Magus)/Bardiya(pseudo-)Smerdis522-521
Darayavahu 1Darius 1522-486
Xshayarsha 1Xerxes 1486-465
Irdabanush*Artabanus465-464
Artaxshathra 1Artaxerxes 1464-424
Xshayarsha 2Xerxes 2424-423
[unknown]Sogdianus424-423
Darayavahu 2Darius 2424-404
Irdabanush is attested in Elamite, not Old Persian.


28th Dynasty
Egyptian nameGreek nameYears
AmenirdisuAmyrtaios404-398

29th Dynasty
Egyptian nameGreek nameYears
Nefaarud 1Nepherites 1398-393
Muthis393
Psammuthes393
HakorAchoris393-380
Nefaarud 2Nepherites 2380

30th Dynasty
Egyptian nameGreek nameYears
NekhtnebefNectanebo 1380-362
DjedhorTachos/Teos362-360
NakhthorhebNectanebo 2360-343

31st Dynasty
Persian Emperors
Persian nameGreek/Latin nameYears
Artaxshathra 3Artaxerxes 3343-338
Arsha (Artaxshathra 4)Arses (Artaxerxes 4)338-336
Khababash*Khabash338-335
Darayavahu 3Darius 3336-332
Khababash was leader of a Nubian revolt in Upper Egypt.
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Cush
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #1 on: August 25, 2007, 12:34:30 AM »

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theelf29
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #2 on: August 25, 2007, 01:50:54 AM »

By means of an extension of the 27th & 31st Dynasties, here's an Achaemenid (Haxamanisiya) king list: -

Persian nameCommonly known asNotesDates
ChishpishTeispesin Anshan
Kurush 1Cyrus 1in Anshan
Kambujiya 1Cambyses 1in Anshan
Kurush 2Cyrus 2 "the Great"in Anshan from c.559 BCc.550530
Kambujiya 2Cambyses 2529522
Bardiya/Gaumata(pseudo-)Smerdisnon-dynastic usurper?522
Darayavahu 1Darius 1 "the Great"521486
Xshayarsha 1Xerxes 1485465
Artaxshathra 1Artaxerxes 1 "Longimanus"nickname due to having right hand longer than left465424
Xshayarsha 2Xerxes 2424
Sogdianus424423
Darayavahu 2Darius 2 "Nothus"originally called Ochus. "Nothos" means 'bastard'423405
Artaxshathra 2Artaxerxes 2 "Mnemon""Mnemon" due to memory404359
Artaxshathra 3Ochus Artaxerxes 3358338
Arsha Artaxshathra 4Arses Artaxerxes 4338336
Darayavahu 3Darius III "Codomannus"336330
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Cush
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #3 on: August 25, 2007, 01:57:44 AM »

Oh, I'll have to merge those dates with what's already in the database...  Wink

Dynasties of PersiaDynasties-
Line of Achaemenes
640
-
522
HaxamanishAchaemenes
680
-
660
ChishpishTeispes
660
-
640
Kurush 1Cyros 1
640
-
580
Kambujiya 1Cambyses 1
580
-
559
Kurush 2 the GreatCyros 2
550
-
530
Kambujiya 2Cambyses 2
530
-
522
SmerdisBardiya, Gaumata
522
-
Line of Ariaramnes
521
-
332
Darayavahu 1 the GreatDareios 1
521
-
486
Xshayarsha 1Xerxes 1
485
-
465
Artaxshathra 1 LongimanusArtaxerxes 1
464
-
424
Xshayarsha 2Xerxes 2
424
-
424
Sogdianus
424
-
423
Darayavahu 2 NothusDareios 2
423
-
404
Artaxerxes 2 MemnonArtaxerxes 2
404
-
358
Artaxshathra 3 OchusArtaxerxes 3
358
-
338
Arsha Artaxshathra 4Arses Artaxerxes 4
338
-
336
Darayavahu 3 CodomannusDareios 3
336
-
330
Artaxshathra 5 BessusArtaxerxes 5
330
-
329
Macedonian rule
330
-
323
Alexander the GreatAlexanderMegas Alexandros
330
-
323
« Last Edit: August 25, 2007, 03:12:12 AM by Cush » Logged
theelf29
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #4 on: August 25, 2007, 02:22:32 AM »

Ah kk. Just one suggestion: Achaemenes in Persian would be "Haxamanish".
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theelf29
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #5 on: September 22, 2007, 04:16:09 AM »

28th Dynasty
Egyptian nameGreek nameYears
AmenirdisuAmyrtaios404-398
I neglected to mention the Libyan rebel Inaros son of Psamtik who was around at the same time as and allied with Amyrtaios.
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Cush
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #6 on: September 22, 2007, 12:20:23 PM »

28th Dynasty
Egyptian nameGreek nameYears
AmenirdisuAmyrtaios404-398
I neglected to mention the Libyan rebel Inaros son of Psamtik who was around at the same time as and allied with Amyrtaios.
Which dates would I assign to this Inaros? In OC his rebellion is in 460 BCE.
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theelf29
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #7 on: September 22, 2007, 08:26:23 PM »

Which dates would I assign to this Inaros? In OC his rebellion is in 460 BCE.
Inaros' rebellion will be of the same date in NC. He ruled parts of the delta briefly with Amyrtaios in the "northern marshes".

I should have added the clarification that the Amyrtaios of 460 BC is regarded as the grandfather of Amyrtaios of the 28th Dynasty. Both were located at Zau (Sais).

Edit: Inaros' Egyptian name would be Ienheru.
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Cush
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #8 on: September 24, 2007, 12:23:41 AM »

« Last Edit: September 24, 2007, 12:27:00 AM by Cush » Logged
theelf29
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #9 on: September 26, 2007, 03:31:12 PM »

More on "native" rebellions against Persian rule.

Three years after the Persians invaded, a Seheribre Padibastet rose in rebellion against Kambujiya's satrap Aryandes. The rebellion lasted three years and, afaik, Padibastet seems to have been a de facto petty king.

Ienheru's rebellion lasted until either 456 or 454, whilst that of Amenirdisu may have lasted as late as 450. Arshama (Sarsamas) was appointed satrap by Megabyzos and, following a conciliatory policy, appointed the sons of the latter two rebels.

However, in 445/444, one Psamtik "king of the Libyans" is recorded as seeking Athenian aid in a rebellion.

Seheribre Padibastet (Pedubast 3)522-520
Ienheru (Inaros)460-454
Amenirdisu (Amyrtaios)460-c.450
Adon-Ra Bakan (Thannyras) son of Ienherufrom 454?"King of the Adyrmachidai" (a Libyan tribe). Persian appointee at Zau (Sais)
Pausiris son of Amenirdisufrom 454?Persian appointee at Per-Wadjet (Buto)
Psamtek (4)445-444possibly a son of Ienheru or Thannyras (Thaomra?)
« Last Edit: September 26, 2007, 03:41:12 PM by theelf29 » Logged
Cush
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #10 on: September 28, 2007, 10:42:48 PM »

http://www.history-book.net/?e=3820
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theelf29
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Re: Persian Period
« Reply #11 on: October 07, 2007, 03:24:50 AM »

27th Dynasty
Persian Emperors
KambujiyaCambyses525-521
Darayavahu 1Darius 1522-486

The Egyptian names of these two are: -

KambujiyaMestuire (Horus name "Zemtawy")525-521
Darayavahu 1Setutre[/b] (Horus name "Menekhib")522-486
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